In the below-listed information, we have shared information on Scabies – an infectious skin condition. You can find the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment methods, and prevention measures related to the anomaly.
Scabies is a contagious skin-linked disorder and a large percent of people worldwide are known to suffer from this anomaly. The symptoms of this anomaly are highly discomforting, but the good news is that it is treatable.
Scabies differs from other skin conditions because viruses, genes, and allergies do not give rise to this disorder. The prevalence of mites within the human body is characteristic of this anomaly. The Sarcoptes Scabiei mites dig burrows in the skin’s layers and lay eggs.
Scabies is widespread in countries that do not have inadequate healthcare facilities such as Africa, North and Central regions of Australia, South America, India, Southeast parts of Asia and the Caribbean. Child care institutes, institutional centers, and nursing homes are some places where people have Scabies outbreaks because they are crowded with people.
This skin-related anomaly is transmitted between persons having direct or indirect contact with the disorder victims. If you shake or hold hands with an afflicted individual, there is a possibility that you might be exposed to the mites. Also, if you share the belongings of the patients, there are chances of the mites latching on. This happens because these parasites can survive for few days without a human host.
Some symptoms that indicate towards the prevalence of Scabies include itching and reddened blisters on the skin’s surface. The severity of the itching is heightened during the night.
The mites require warm environments for their survival due to which they are found between the skin folds of the human body. The blisters may be noticed between the fingers, elbow joints, knee joints, beneath the breasts in women, and genital portions. Some people are also afflicted with Scabies on the scalp.
Where adolescents are concerned, the symptoms are seen on their feet soles, palms, neck, face, and scalp.
If a person has not been afflicted with scabies in the past, the symptoms are seen within 2-6 weeks from the mites latching on. On the other hand, those groups of people who have suffered from the disorder previously seem to show symptoms within a few days from the mites invading the body. It is important to note that even if a person is not displaying symptoms of the disorder, they can pass on the mites to others after the mites have latched on.
Norwegian or crusted scabies is a subset of Scabies. It is more severe as compared to other forms of the disorder. Persons having low immunity, AIDS patients or transplant patients are susceptible to developing this illness. People suffering from compromised immune system are rendered unable to fight the foreign elements and become afflicted with crusted scabies. The skin of the victims of crusted scabies becomes crusty. Also, they contain millions of mites and can transmit the disorder if they come in brief contact with others.
Medical experts may suspect the onset of Scabies if the person is itching intensely during the night or itchy skin lesions are perceived. Additionally, if other family members are displaying similar symptoms, then they will recommend a diagnosis to ascertain their doubts.
The examination entails extracting a part of the skin for detecting the Scabies mites. After it is determined that the person is ailing from Scabies, the medical professionals will guide on the treatment methods for recovering from the sickness.
There are 2 primary methods for treating Scabies. These include the intake of oral medications and application of topical ointments.
Oral medicines containing Ivermectin such as Stromectol have to be taken in the doses as prescribed by the doctors.
Topical applications such as Permethrin-containing creams are also included under the Scabies treatment methods. Before using this cream on the body, you should have a bath using soap and water, followed by drying the body with a towel. Then, take adequate quantity of the cream and massage on the body until the cream penetrates into the skin. Apply the ointment beneath the nails with the help of a toothbrush after which it should be discarded. Normally, the doctors will advise leaving the cream on the body for 8-14 hours prior to washing off. After 2 weeks, the treatment is generally repeated for killing the eggs or if the symptoms are noticed even after completion of the treatment.
The medical experts may also recommend applying lotions that contain Lindane and creams containing Crotamiton such as Eurax as a means of treating the disorder. You must apply these ointments as prescribed by the doctors.
Antihistamine creams are also prescribed by the medical practitioners for alleviating the itching associated with Scabies. Scabies patients may experience itching even after applying the creams and is an allergic reaction of the body to the mites and their feces as well as eggs. The skin tends to get irritated and needs some time to recover.
Scabies can also affect the scalp. In such cases, doctors advise applying Lindane, Lemongrass and Neem shampoos for eliminating the mites.
The natural methods for treating Scabies involve the use of neem leaves, neem oil, cayenne pepper, tea tree oil, anise oil, turmeric herb, aloe vera, white vinegar, bleach and lavender oil. These ingredients contain medicinal properties due to which they can effectively kill the Scabies mites and give respite from the symptoms. However, these remedies can be practiced alongside the commercial treatments. Also, discuss these treatments with your doctors prior to their application. You can prevent medical complications from arising by taking the precautionary measures. Sometimes, herbs can interact with other medicines and reduce their effectiveness or cause medical problems. For this reason, we recommend that you always follow the guidelines as prescribed by your medical practitioner.
There are various ways of preventing Scabies from spreading to unaffected parts of the body and to others.
As mentioned earlier, Scabies is easily transmittable between persons. For this reason, Scabies patients are advised to confine themselves to a room until treatment has been administered to them. They must not roam in public places until completion of their treatment.
Doctors also advise that all persons dwelling in the same house as the Scabies victim get treated. Also, they must be administered treatment simultaneously for reducing the chances of a re-infestation.
It is also important to wash the clothes of all the household members with hot water in the washing machines. The non-washable items should be packed in an airtight bag and kept away for 7 days for killing the mites; they die without a human host within 2-3 days.
Using a vacuum cleaner on the floors and furniture items is also recommended for eliminating the mites. You must also make sure to dispose the vacuum bag after the cleaning process.
In the above-mentioned details, we have studied about Scabies. Remember that Scabies patients should always be treated under medical supervision. Do not attempt to self-treat yourself. Also, avoid delaying treatment for the disorder. If you fail to administer treatment in a timely manner, the mites will reproduce in large numbers and invade the body. It can cause a lot of discomfort. So it is better to adhere to the doctor’s instructions in addition to taking the necessary treatment and preventive measures for recuperating as soon as possible.